Many scientific studies and registries state that in the last 5 to 10 years we have witnessed drastic growth in cases of colon and rectal cancer. It is true that there is a gross increase in the number of new cases of colorectal cancer Nationwide, particularly in Kerala. Similar high incidence is reported in North-Eastern states as well. It is seen throughout major hospitals in the state too. It is difficult to estimate the actual increase in percentage due to a lack of audited data. Apparently, the case numbers are more by 20-25%. The incidence of colorectal cancer in Kerala is about 5.5/ 100,000 and recent PCBR data in 2015 (unpublished ) is 9.4%. Figures may change, only when we have the best colon and rectal cancer surgery Kochi.
Any recent change in bowel habits, blood in stools for a long time, blood mixed with mucus, feeling of incomplete evacuation, anaemia and weight loss should be investigated first for identification of colorectal cancer. The best investigation would be a colonoscopy from us.
Colonoscopy with biopsy is the test for confirmation. Colonic polyps can be removed with a colonoscopy. A CT scan and or MRI scan and certain blood test are essential for planning surgery. A PET scan is done selectively.
Once diagnosed and if it is confirmed to colon or operable, radical surgery is the treatment of choice. A tumour with all draining nodes is taken out. Most colon cancers can be treated with laparoscopy in Kochi. Benefits of laparoscopic colectomy or colon and rectal cancer surgery in Kochi are early recovery, less pain, less blood loss and early return of bowel function. It is well proven in many large studies that the results of laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer are equal to that of open surgery in short and long-term.
Rectal or rectosigmoid cancers are malignancy involving the last portion of the large intestine. They present with rectal bleed or altered bowel habits. If diagnosed sufficiently early, rectal and rectosigmoid cancer can be treated with laparoscopy or keyhole surgery in Kochi as well. In locally bulky or slightly advanced rectal cancers, chemoradiation therapy is given before surgery. Laparoscopic anterior resection surgery provides radical surgery for rectal cancer with total mesorectal excision. Few patients with low rectal cancer may require a temporary colostomy for a few weeks along with laparoscopic low anterior resection. Robotic surgery for rectal cancer also is a very effective method for treatment of carcinoma rectum. With robotic surgery, very low rectal cancers can be removed safely. If the lesion is involving anal canal or anal sphincters, laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection surgery (Lap APER) may be required.
The long-term results of the colon or rectal cancer depend upon the stage of the disease.
Depending upon the stage of the disease patient may require postoperative chemotherapy or chemoradiation therapy. In general, the results of laparoscopic colectomy surgery in Kochi are very good and a significant proportion of patients get long-term cure. Since a team of highly qualified doctors and medical staff members followed by expert surgeon Dr. K Prakash ensures you a 100% success with any colon cancer or rectal tumor removal surgery.
If you are looking for a safe and advanced treatment for any form of colorectal cancer, feel free to contact us at 91 97455 44493.
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